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Introduction of Microbiology

Thursday, September 16, 2010

Microbiology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of microorganisms.
It deals with all the branches of the tiny organisms that are useful or harmful in one and many ways,could be cultured or non culture able.Microbiology started along with the development of microscopy.
Development of microscopy
Many scientists in the initial stage believed that living organisms could develop from non-living material.
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek in 1676 was the first scientist to observe microorganisms.
Spontaneous generation controversy
Initial stages in the development of microorganisms led to many controversmicrobiologyis.The foremost controversy was spontaneous generation of microorganisms.Fransisco Redi in 1688 was the first person who,during his experiment,found and refuted that organisms did not originate if kept carefully away from flies.
Finally in 1861 fomous scientist Louis pasteur used swan necked flask which finally proved that microorganisms do not arise from spontaneous generation.And which eventually led to
  1. Development of sterilization
  2. Development of aseptic technique


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